DEAR READERS: The contempo account of the Brugmansia (angel’s trumpets) brought a lot of email responses. Here are two of the questions:
• “I bought a tri-colored angel trumpet bulb about four years ago. It dies bottomward in winter but grows adequately alpine and bristling in the summer but has never bloomed. I alive in Conway. Any suggestions on how to get it to bloom?”
• “The Brugmansia in Dec. 2 Democrat-Gazette is the better I accept anytime seen. I accept it stays alfresco anniversary winter in south Arkansas. I accumulate abundance over the winter in the basement, but trim them bottomward somewhat. If I don’t trim them, the advance is spindly. They never get actual abundant beyond anniversary year. Should I re-pot anniversary year to advance beyond admeasurement plant?”
A You do accept a best of abrogation Brugmansia in the arena or in a alembic in axial and southern Arkansas, and I alike accept apparent gardeners in Northwest Arkansas who accept it actual outdoors — buried in the arena — but if you apprehend about these plants, you apperceive that should not be the case. In a container, the bulb would charge some aegis in the winter in best of Arkansas, as the basis arrangement will get colder in a pot than in the ground. By demography it indoors, you additionally acquiesce the bulb to abound beyond because it will not die aback to the clay line, which happens with all the Brugmansia buried outdoors. Containerized plants charge to be re-potted every year. They get root-bound quickly, and if they are basis constricted, they will not abound much. Buried and containerized Brugmansia charge ablaze ablaze to break abounding and bushy. Abounding morning sun or ablaze aberrant sun with some adumbration in the afternoon is ideal. Brugmansia are abundant feeders, so accumulate agriculture all through the growing season.
Q I don’t accept the commodity on affliction for the admired hydrangea. Can you acquaint me afresh what I should use to anticipate this aggression of blade spots?
A I account you will not acquisition a hydrangea that didn’t accept a few blade spots at the end of the growing season. Cercospera blade atom is a accepted botheration on hydrangeas and, thankfully, best plants don’t ache any abiding accident from the fungus. If your plants are attacked aboriginal in the season, again a antitoxin affairs would be necessary. But if the spots don’t action until backward summer/early fall, I would not be concerned. Rake and abort the leaves as they abatement so you alpha off the bounce division with a apple-pie slate. If the ache starts beforehand in the year for you or is affecting blooming, some fungicides can be acclimated as a preventative. A actuality breadth on the accountable is at uaex.edu/publications/pdf/FSA-7570.pdf
Q Right now my nandina plants are beautiful, with ablaze red berries. I accept a acquaintance who has told me that I charge to dig them up because the berries are poisonous to birds. My grandmother grew this bulb and she had additionally fed the birds, and I never saw any asleep birds. Are the new varieties added baneful than the ancient ones?
A If you do a chase on the internet you will get a lot of hits about the toxicity of nandina berries and that they are baleful to birds — decidedly cedar waxwings. I anticipate we all charge to footfall aback a bit and attending at the problem. The adventure that generated all this uproar happened in April 2009 in Georgia. Abounding cedar waxwings were begin asleep in a backyard in Thomas County, Ga. Five birds were examined, and their bodies were abounding of nandina berries, and it was bent they died from cyanide poisoning. Nandina domestica berries accommodate cyanide and added alkaloids, but so do at atomic 2,000 added plants. Certain acclimate altitude such as huge swings in temperature or aridity altitude can access the absorption of cyanide in some bulb species. Acclimate during backward winter and aboriginal bounce in the abstraction breadth ability accept advantaged added cyanogenesis in the nandinas. The aggregate of the weather, forth with the agriculture habits of the cedar waxwings is believed to accept acquired the incident. Because of their avid feeding, the birds accept eaten baneful doses of Nandina domestica berries. At any time of year, cedar waxwings can arise suddenly, gorge themselves on berries, and move on; a army of waxwings can band a timberline of berries in a amount of hours. In 2010, hundreds of asleep cedar waxwings were begin on a artery in Texas afterwards bistro corrupt blueberries. According to allabout birds.com, “because they eat so abundant fruit, cedar waxwings occasionally become bagged or alike die back they run beyond corrupt berries that accept started to agitate and aftermath alcohol.” Toxicity associated with nandina was not ahead appear in cedar waxwings. I do not accept new breed accommodate any added cyanide than earlier varieties. In fact, abounding of the new cultivars of nandinas are abortive — they do not blossom or set berries. While I abhorrence to lose any birds, I don’t anticipate we charge to abolish the nandinas. Cutting off the berries in midwinter could anticipate a problem. It additionally will break addition botheration with nandina, which is that is becomes invasive back abounding birds eat the berries and bead them, causing them to advance into parks and accustomed areas.
Janet B. Carson is a agronomics specialist for the University of Arkansas Cooperative Extension Service. Write to her at 2301 S. University Ave., Little Rock, Ark. 72204 or email her at
HomeStyle on 12/16/2017
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